Outside the historic center, on the road to the train station, you can see the Teatro Alfieri dating back to 1860. After the Teatro del Giglio in Lucca, this is the second theater in the province, with its 510 seats. In the second half of the XX° century, the Alfieri theatre was transformed into a cinema till its close-down in 1990. In 1997 it was bought by the municipality of Castelnuovo di Garfagnana and, after the careful restoration directed by architect Stefano Dini, Alfieri was back to the glories of the past. It’s also interesting to see the Montalfonso Fortress, located on top of the hill overlooking Castelnuovo. It was commissioned in the XVI° century by Duke Alfonso to provide the city with a defensive structure and a possible shelter in case of attack by the powerful and the neighbouring Republic of Lucca. Inside there are several buildings that were destined for the troops, offices and prisons (now there are only seven). Recently, the entire Fortezza di Montalfonso was totally restored and consolidated; The fortress, once a military building protected by its strong walls and bastions is now an open space for locals and visitors, offering its grounds to events such as concerts, meetings, wedding parties, food and wine events, etc. … A special path called the “Trail of Ariosto” was created by local municipality in order to reach the fortress , walking through dense forests of chestnuts. You can access to this trial from Castelnuovo and from Pasquigliora (in the village of Torre), close to Pruneta di Sopra villa.